Collectif des Défenseurs Sahraouis des droits
El Aaiun / Sahara Occidental
El Aaiún/Western Sahara: 10/08/2007
Secretariat of the Collective of the Saharawi Human Rights Defenders
“Black Jail” of El Aaiún/Western Sahara
“A grave for alive people”
Testimony of Saharawi Human Rights
Activist and Former Political
Prisoner “Tarruzi Yehdih”, after his release on July the 14th, 2007
form the “Black Jail” in El Aaiún, Western Sahara.
My name is Tarruzi Yehdih and I am an ex-Political Prisoner and Member
of the Collective of the Saharawi Human Rights Defenders (CODESA). On
the 13th of April 2006 I was arrested by Moroccan police agents in the
city of Tan Tan, Southern Morocco. The agents arrested me in
humiliating and repressive conditions and took me to the Judiciary
Police Headquarters in El Aaiún, Western Sahara. At the
Headquarters, I was interrogated and tortured by a group of Moroccan
Security services who accused me of committing crimes I did not commit
and enclosed me in the “Black Jail” of El Aaiún. In this jail I
experienced ten months imprisonment in the most degrading and difficult
conditions as a result to a sentence inflicted to me by the Second
Penal Court after appealing the one-year prison verdict made by the
First Court of El Aaiún, Western Sahara.
As a Former Political Prisoner, I have suffered, along with a group of
Saharawi political prisoners, the lack of the simplest human living
conditions and the worst mistreatment and abuses. The prison doesn’t
even guarantee the conditions contained in the Law 23/98 with all its
goods and wrong. Along with all the suffering of the prisoners provoked
by the malnutrition, the lack of drinkable water, the deficiency of
medical assistance, the non-existence of ventilation or hygienic
conditions as well as the over-grouping of prisoners in one cell, the
prisoners, mainly the political prisoners, endure everyday the
oppression of the authorities.
Despite the attempts of the Saharawi Political Prisoners to challenge
the daily violations of their Human Rights and their effort to be
treated as Political Prisoners, the prison administration continuously
reply to their claims with tortures and wild oppression. All these
savage practices exercised against the Saharawi Political Prisoners is
made in coordination with Moroccan Security Services, who should
normally have nothing to do with the Administration of the prisons.
The situation continued as it is until January the 19th, 2006, when the
Saharawi Political Prisoners were suddenly surprised by the aggressive
and violent intervention of more than forty of the special prison
guards known as “Les Paras” while sleeping inside their cell. This
group of guards came to the jail with the main purpose of forcing the
Saharawi political Prisoners to give up their opinions expressed during
the demonstrations that claim for the respect of their legal demands.
The repressive intervention of “Les Paras” was lead by Abd-Lilah
Az-zunfri, The Director of the “Black Jail” of El Aaiún, in
The aggression of this group was not only limited to the inside of the
cells but thereafter we all were taken to the visit room and tied to
the chairs for about twelve hours. During all this time we were
subjected to beating on all the parts of our bodies and all kind of
humiliating tortures as a punishment for our political ideas.
The torturers were always enjoying our pain and torture calling us
“traitors” and “enemies of the country”, “enemies of the king” and so
many other obscene classification. All these repressive behaviours are
encouraged by the jail administration which has made of these agents
its tool to torture, abuse, kill and execute innocent people.
Then, as a punishment, we were divided into separate cells and deprived
from communicating with each other. Our possessions were stolen and all
the area of the prison’s recreation was extremely watched. The
authorities imposed an emergency alert to the jail and suspended our
right to health treatment, appropriate food, information, etc.
As a result of this situation and with the objective to defend our
dignity, we decided to carry on a “Hunger Strike” as a warning step and
then an “Open Hunger Strike” to protest against the hard conditions and
the tortures all the Saharawi Political Prisoners were suffering inside
the jail. Our “Open Hunger Strike” lasted more than thirty three (33)
days without any positive reply from the jail administration to our
demands nor the medical assistance to our deteriorating health
situation. Finally, the Moroccan justice listened to our complaints
which were made by our families.
Despite our agony, the jail administration continued its repressive
practices, submitting our cells to constant searching. And as if all
these tortures were not enough, the authorities decided to punish two
of our comrades; Lehbib Al-kasimi and Al-hafed Toubali, taking them to
isolated cells (known as “Al-kashu”).
The Moroccan police agents use to
show aggression to the Saharawi political Prisoners in their way back
and forth from the jail to the court rooms or to the hospital as we
witnessed with the cases of Lehbib Al-kasimi and Al-hafed Toubali,
Ah’meidat Mohamed Salem, and Abd-salam Lubadi.
On July the 11th, 2007, just three days before my release, we suffered
again the aggressions of a group of the jail guards who beated us and
took away all our belongings. The Director of the jail ordered them to
take us to the visit room, where I, along with Lehbib Al-kasimi and
Al-hafed Toubali, Luali Ameidan, Dida Abd-aslalm, Bachri bin Taleb,
Lubadi Abd-salam and Mahamud Al-keinnan experienced many types of
tortures without mercy from torturers who work at the jail
administration, the same ones who did it before under the consent of
the Director of the jail.
Taking into consideration the tortures exercised against us because of
our beliefs, we also consider that the suffering of our families is
increasing as they also suffer the aggressions of the penitentiary
authorities during their visits. Our families are treated in a
repressive way that at times reaches the rape and the use of force from
the Moroccan police, which also used to deprive former political
prisoners and Human Rights activists visiting us or notice our
miserable circumstances at this horrifying jail.
While the oppressive practices continue and just two days before my
release, I was provoked and intimidated by the so called Director of
the jail Abd-Lilah Az-zunfri, who said that he will open a new
procedure to arrest me again. I was really scared, after being out and
seeing two police cars in front of the jail gate surrounded by the main
torturers; the “Police Director” Abu Hassan Ichi and the “Officer of
the Police” Abd Al-hag Rabih. Despite my fears I was also happy to see
some members of my family and friends from the CODESA (Al-arbi Mas’ud
and Brahim Al-Ismaili) expecting my release in an environment dominated
by the extreme security siege made by a several security agents who
accompanied me to “Matal-la” District which was extremely guarded by
At the same time, the jail administration in El Aaiún used to
obligatorily transfer all the political and opinion prisoners who show
their solidarity with the struggle of the Saharawi Political Prisoners,
after assigning to them false accusations, they are transferred to the
regional prison of “Ait Meloul”. Among the transferred prisoners were;
Ahmed Daudi, Zubeir Algarhi, Mohamed Salem Al-kasimi, Agdafna Minah as
well as the Political Prisoners Alamin Badi and Larosi Shubeida. The
last one was taken by force to the regional jail of Tizinit. We can’t
either forget the case of the Saharawi lady Mariam Ar-gueibi who was
transferred to the regional jail of Ait Meloul. The Moroccan justice is
still thinking about reopening on October the 1st, 2007, the cases of
Saharawi Political Prisoners Brahim Sabbar, Ahmed S’bahi, Al-hafed
Toubali, Lehbib Al-kasimi, Ahmeidan Mohamed Salem and Abd-salam Lumadi
because they chanted slogans inside the jail and in the Court Room
demanding the Saharawi people’s right to self-determination.
As long as the two police agents, responsible of the murder of the
Saharawi martyr Hamdi Lembarki, are still spending their ten-years of
prison sentences inside one of the jail offices, enjoying the 24hrs
visits of their relatives and having access to telephone contact and
satellite T.V. This policy proves the discrimination exercised against
the Saharawi Political Prisoners, who are deprived from their most
elemental rights as opinion prisoners.
After revealing a part of the sufferings I experienced together with
the Saharawi Political Prisoners inside the jail, I would like to
praise the efforts of the international observers who came from afar to
attend our political trial. I also value the great role played by the
Saharawi lawyers who defended us as well as the international and
Moroccan Human Rights organizations and associations like; Amnesty
International and its sections around the world, the Moroccan Human
Rights Association, the International Commission Against Torture in
Switzerland, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the
Italian section of the International Committee for the Respect of Human
Rights in Western Sahara, the Association of the Families of the
Saharawi Disappeards and prisoners, the Saharawi Jurists Union, the
Spanish General Council of Lawyers as well as all the humanitarian
organizations, the Human Rights activists, the judges, lawyers,
intellectuals, artists, writers, poets, politicians, trade-unionists
and simple people who follow from very closely the critical Human
Rights situation in Western Sahara. I would also like to hail the
support of the Saharawi people and the Saharawi Human rights activists
who depict in their reports the daily battles of our struggle. This
struggle that we are carrying on along with our families and all the
Saharawi people, who became our angel guard in our fight for the
respect of the Human Rights in the occupied territories of Western
I wouldn’t like to miss the opportunity to record, with pride, the
experience of the group of the Saharawi Political Prisoners who passed
by this jail and who are known by the “Group of the 37”. Thanks to
their struggle, we could finally reveal a part of the atrocities
committed inside this horrible detention centre. They have also
succeeded in starting the phenomenon of the political imprisonments
showing to the world that the “Black Jail” of El Aaiún is “a
grave for alive people”. This fact of the “Black Jail” of El
Aaiún was evidenced by the pictures of the political prisoners
spread through the internet during their 52 days of Hunger Strike.
Finally I would like to make an urgent appeal to the peaceloving people
in the world to work for:
• Imposing the respect of the international legality
and guarantee to the Saharawi people their right to self-determination.
• Saving the Saharawi Political Prisoners from the
horrifying “Black Jail” of El Aaiún and put pressure on Morocco
to release all the Saharawi Political Prisoners from the Moroccan
prisons as well as starting an international campaign to close the
“Black Jail” of El Aaiún.
• To open an international investigation on the
brutal violations of the Human Rights committed by the Moroccan
authorities against innocent people who were only expressing their
opinions and protesting for respect of their rights.
• Put the light on the allegations of torture
presented by the victims and bring the persons accountable for these
practices before the justice no matter how high are their positions in
the prison administration or at the Ministry of Justice.
• Widen the mission of the MINURSO to include the
observation of the Human Rights in the occupied territories.
• Publishing the Report of the mission of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, which visited the region on
May the 17th and 18th, 2006 and implementing its recommendations.
List of the torturers and the main outstanding “lords” of the “Black
Jail” of El Aaiún:
1- Abd-Lilah Az-zunfri: Director of the jail.
2- Mohamed Al-mansuri: President of the etention centre.
3- Mohamed Al-buhzizi: Vice-president of the detention centre.
4- Abd Al-ali Al-buhnani: Vice-president of the detention centre.
5- Abdelkader Ait Sus: Responsible for general works.
6- Abderrahim Al-harruchi: Responsible for construction and general
work in the jail.
7- Abderrazag Mugtasam: Responsible for the visits and the searching of
8- Jamal Beiruk: President of the Section or the centre.
9-Abdelhag Wahbi: Searching.
10- Ahmed Alharrag: President od the judiciary office of the
jail(director of the third level).
11- Yusef Al-manur: President of the judiciary office(director of the
12- Ismail Bachari: President of a sector.
13- Idris Butib: Nurse.
14- Mustafa Al-azizi: Nurse.
15- Yusef Butiglidin: Nurse.
16- Abdelhag Fartamis: He was transferred to “Ramani Jail”.
17- Abdelhakim: He was transferred to the central prison of Al-kinetra.
A technical presentation on the jail:
• Director of the jail: Abd-Lilah Az-zunfri.
• His office number: 24/35.
• Director of the third level.
He is a former director at the central prison of Al-kenitra. He came to
the “Black Jail” of El Aaiún on January the 14th, 2007. He is
well known for his black record on torturing and humiliating the
• Number of guards: 62 guards. 13 of them are women.
• Number of prisoners at the jail: 280.
• Section of common delinquency (Minors): 39.
• Section of women: 20.
• Political Prisoners: 27.